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Did ancient/med evil warrior’s suffer from PTSD to the extent that modern day soldiers do?(r/AskHistorians)
There’s a book called “Achilles in Vietnam” written by a Psychiatrist who specializes in PTSD treatment, John Shay. The discussions that /u/American_Graffiti linked to below talk about this as well as other books, however this is the only one I’ve read.
The basic premise of Shay’s book is that you can look at the accounts of warriors in the Homeric texts and treat them as a description of behavior that turns out to be very consistent with the behavior he sees treating modern vets with PTSD.
It’s not a work of classical scholarship, and makes (insofar as I can remember) no claims about the literal veracity of Homer’s work; i.e. he’s not investigating whether there was an actual Achilles who suffered from PTSD. Instead he’s investigating whether the stories contain useful or accurate descriptions of the psychological trauma that soldiers faced.