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Adult homework books?(r/suggestmeabook)
This isn’t quite what you requested, but Adler’s How to Read a Book gives you a framework for something similar that can be used with any reading you do. The book features a brief set of questions designed to get you to express the main idea of what you read, how to apply the knowledge, etc. It’s far more difficult than it appears, but it makes reading much more rewarding.
The method was introduced to me in my college philosophy classes and has served me well ever since.